Experimental study on the wear of liner in tumbling mill under dry and wet conditions

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Payame Noor University (PNU), P.O. Box. 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vali-e-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran


Lifters/liners worn in tumbling mill and consequently their dimensions change during the course of operation. These changes in dimensions have a significant influence on the overall economic performance of the mills. In this project, the influences of slurry filling and slurry concentration on the wear of lifters were investigated using a pilot mill of 1m diameter and 0.5m length. Copper ore with a size of smaller than one inch was used to prepare slurry at 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, and 80% solids concentration of mass. The tests covered a range of slurry filling from 0.5 to 2.5 with ball filling 20% and mill speeds 75%. The mill grinding mechanism in this pilot mill is a combination of both impact and abrasion mechanisms. It was found that the lifters wear rises with the increase of feed filling in the mill under dry condition. During wet condition, when there is an increase in the slurry filling and slurry concentration, the wear decreases. In wet grinding, the relative velocity between the materials and the lifters is more than dry mode and the wear is 1.5–3 times greater than the dry condition.


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