Experimental Study on Puncture Resistance of 2D and 3D Glass Fabrics Reinforced with Shear Thickening Fluid (STF)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran

2 Dynamic Behavior of Materials Research Laboratory, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran



In this study, the quasi-static puncture resistance of neat and Shear Thickening Fluid (STF) impregnated Kevlar, 2D, and 3D-glass fabrics was investigated using a universal testing machine. For the synthesis of the STFs, silica nanoparticles were dispersed in polyethylene glycol (PEG) in the mass fraction of 20, 25, 30, and 35 wt% STF. The influence of the STF concentration on the puncture resistance of the impregnated 3D-glass fabrics was examined and compared with the neat samples. The results revealed the puncture resistance of the impregnated 3D-glass fabrics increases with raising the STF concentration from 20 to 30 wt% (637 to 688 N). However, the performance of the 35 wt% STF impregnated sample was reduced (657 N). The 30 wt% STF impregnated 3D-glass fabric showed the most puncture resistance, such that its peak force (688 N) was 17% higher than the neat case (590 N). The results were compared with those of Kevlar and four-ply 2D-glass fabrics, and it was observed that, the 30 wt% STF effect on the 3D fabrics was more evident than them. Unlike the 2D-glass fabrics, the bending angle (θ) for the 3D-glass fabrics decreased by 10° and as a result their flexibility lessened. The thickness of the impregnated 2D-glass fabric increased more than the 3D fabrics (27% vs. 4%).


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