New Design and Analysis of Diesel Exhaust Manifold to Control Thermal Gradient

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jundi-Shapur University of Technology, Dezful, Iran


Optimization and design of new configurations in the field of engineering became faster and more accurate by improving three dimension modeling software and computational fluid dynamics methods. Exhaust manifold of the marine diesel engine, which transfers hot gases from cylinders to the turbocharger, has a problem with extreme thermal gradients and crack creation. In order to improve the heat transfer and prevent crack occurrence at the detected critical points, new configurations in geometrics design for exhaust manifold were studied in this paper. Flow simulation of thermal analysis was performed in ANSYS CFX by using Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute wall boiling model for subcooled boiling at the low pressure. Analysis indicated the single channel configuration, performed by removing output-separating wall on hot gases side, provide more uniform temperature distribution in the manifold body. Results showed the correct operation of new manifold geometry that reduces the maximum temperature of the body up to 27.36% and controls the extreme (amount of) thermal gradients. 


Main Subjects

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